Cannabis Science | Pros & Cons of Cannabis Science in Massachusetts

Pro’s & Con’s of Cannabis Science in Massachusetts

Cannabis, also known as Marijuana is one of the commonly abused illicit drugs in USA. It consists of the dried leaves of the hemp plant. It is generally smoked or chewed for the euphoric effects. Now-a-days, many people are getting addicted to Cannabis. According to 2008 report by NSDUH (National Survey on Drug Use and Health), 15.2 million people were using Cannabis in USA. It translates into 6.1% of the total population aged 12 years and above.There are many adverse effects of Cannabis on health. It is important to create awareness among the people who are getting addicted to Cannabis without proper knowledge of its harmful effects. It has several short-term and long-term effects.Short-term effects: There are many short-term effects which can result because of Cannabis usage. They are:Somatic effects Cannabis has many affects on physical health. The use of Cannabis has many short-term effects including increased heart rate and decreased blood pressure, dry mouth, bloodshot eyes, increase in intra-ocular pressure (increase of pressure in the eyes), wet or cold hands and feet, muscle relaxation etc.Psychoactive effects Cannabis affects the mind, mood and other mental processes. The psychoactive effects of Cannabis can vary from one individual to the other. The main psychoactive effects of Cannabis are euphoria, increased creativity, sensation, perceptions and libido, short-term memory loss, anxiety, agitation, paranoia, nostalgia, trouble in learning and thinking, loss of co-ordination etc.Neurological effects Cannabis has many harmful affects on nervous system. Cannabis affects Cannabinoid receptors in the brain which are associated with reflexes, motor skills and attention. Cannabinoids inhibit the release of neurotransmitters in the hippocampus like acetylcholine, norepinephrine, and glutamate. This results in decrease in neuronal activity in that region. This ultimately blocks process associated with memory formation. Cannabis intake results in short-term memory loss and other mental disorders.Long-term effects: Cannabis causes many health hazards which people suffer for lifetime. The long term affects of Cannabis abuse are:Heart attack Cannabis increases the heart rate by 50 percent depending on the THC level. There might be chest pain after the intake of Cannabis, because of poor blood supply to the heart due to decrease in blood pressure. This might result in heart attack. There are reports of death in few cases due to the intake of Cannabis for the first time.Effects on lungs Cannabis smoke contains large amount of carcinogenic hydrocarbons than tobacco smoke. Cannabis users hold the smoke in their lungs for longer time which irritates the lungs. The carcinogenic hydrocarbons present in Cannabis increase the risk of cancer. Cannabis causes cough, acute chest illnesses, lung infections, emphysema, obstructed airways, cancer etc.Effects on brain Cannabis has harmful effects on brain. Cannabinoid receptors in the brain, which influence thoughts, concentration, memory, pleasure, sensors, coordinated movement, time perception which are altered by Cannabis abuse. People using Cannabis may suffer from short-term memory loss, schizophrenia, bipolar disorders and depression.Causes cancer It is said that Marijuana smokers are three times more likely to develop head, neck or lung cancer than non-smokers as the Marijuana smoke contains 50 percent more Carcinogens than the tobacco smoke. So, the risk of lung cancer is more among the Marijuana smokers.Many people are getting addicted to Cannabis without enough awareness of harmful effects Cannabis abuse. It is important to create awareness among the people who ruin their lives and careers because of Cannabis usage. It is better to stay away from unhealthy usage of drugs such as Cannabis which has many adverse effects on health. Cannabis Recipes

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Medical marijuana has now become legal in fourteen US states including Massachusetts. A synthetic form of the drug consisting of THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), which is the active chemical ingredient contained in marijuana, a derivative of plant cannabis. The stems, seeds and leaves are all utilized and are usually brown or green in color.There are pros and cons for the legalization of medical marijuana and disagreement over using it rather than the natural plant. One of the arguments against it is that it takes more money to process it into a synthetic liquid or pill form while simple marijuana is easy to use via smoking or baking into foods and ingesting. Health conditions typically treated with medical cannabis include HIV/AIDS, cancer, stroke, glaucoma, nausea, asthma and seizures.

It has also been shown to be helpful in alleviating pain associated with muscular sclerosis and certain spasticity disorders. Many countries around the world have legalized the drug for certain medical conditions. Research is still continuing in the U.S. and around the globe in order to further refine the understanding of THC efficacy.

Some of the comparisons of smoking it directly rather than taking it in processed pill or liquid form include:1.It takes longer for the it to be absorbed by the body. This absorption can take up to one hour whereas smoking the substance will cause an immediate reaction.2. Because smoking allows an immediate physical reaction, a user can easily monitor his intake in order to achieve appropriate results.

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If a person has to wait an hour to feel the effect of a liquid or pill, there are higher chances of overdose.3. It has been reported to be more intense and include psychedelic side effects.4.

Smoking cannabis is much less expensive than the liquid or pill form.5. The liquid form of the drug is said to cause nausea so severe that many people can’t tolerate it and vomit before absorbing the THC. This is an unfortunate side effect since many are trying to control nausea in the first place.Side effects from the synthetic liquid or pill THC include anxiety, confusion, memory loss, unusual thought patterns, depression, restlessness, rapid heartbeat, skin rash and seizures. There may also be problems when combining this drug with other prescription medications.

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There has been a dramatic rise in news attention to medicinal cannabis in 2013, with reports on CNN, ABC, CBS, and local publications about high-cannabidiol cannabis oil effectively controlling the symptoms of rare epileptic conditions like Dravet syndrome, Doose syndrome, infantile spasms, cortical dysplasia, and more. These diseases can cause hundreds to thousands of seizures a week, while also impairing development in a number of other ways. For families with children suffering from such conditions, the challenges are overwhelming. Due to the extremely complex nature of Dravet and related syndromes, traditional pharmaceuticals are ineffective and often make the problems worse. With no other hope, families have turned to high-CBD cannabis oil, which is proving to work with miraculous efficacy.To clarify, high-CBD cannabis oil is non-psychoactive and apparently even more beneficial than high-THC cannabis oil. Cannabidiol is another cannabinoid in the cannabis plant, like the more well-known psychoactive cannabinoid THC, with significant research suggesting neuroprotectant, anticancer, antidiabetic, anti-ischemic, antispasmodic, antipsychotic, and antibacterial properties, among others. Furthermore, cannabis oil is a type of extract from cannabis. Such oil contains large amounts of concentrated cannabinoids that can be orally ingested rather than smoked, preserving the medicinal compounds and allowing them to be delivered through digestive system, rather than the respiratory system.The research suggests that CBD has panacea-like properties, and in practice, this is proving to be the case. On August 11th, 2013, Sanjay Gupta released a documentary on CNN about Charlotte Figi. Charlotte is a young Dravet syndrome patient who was having 300 grand mal seizures a week. No pharmaceuticals or dietary changes could do anything to reduce this number. Charlotte's parents learned about high-CBD cannabis oil, and after literally the first dose, Charlotte's seizures stopped. She now has less than three minor seizures a month. This case is nothing short of miraculous, and it's not isolated. Dr. Margaret Gedde, a Colorado Springs physician, is tracking 11 new patients of the Stanely brothers, the providers of Charlotte's high-CBD medicine. 9 of them have had 90-100% reductions in seizures, which again, is simply miraculous.The epileptic conditions that CBD is proving to be effective against are extremely complex, and not even the most powerful, well researched pharmaceuticals have been capable of inducing any healing. Yet high-CBD cannabis oil is immediately and potently reducing symptoms, with the only side effects being systemically beneficial - more energy, better learning, improved behavior, and more.It should not be surprising that results like these have been going on for years. Just like research shows cannabinoids are therapeutically effective against epilepsy, there is research suggesting they can eliminate cancers and control other serious diseases. And in practice, for epilepsy and these other conditions, the results are translating to humans. People have been reliably eliminating cancers for years and mitigating diseases like diabetes, Crohn's, fibromyalgia, heart disease, chronic pain, multiple sclerosis, and more. This is as serious as it gets, and more attention must be brought to this issue.

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Marijuana generally refers to the leaves and flowering buds of the Cannabis plant. It is a psychoactive drug and contains over 400 chemicals. Of them, THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) is the main active chemical ingredient that produces short-term harmful effects such as depression, anxiety, distorted perceptions, memory impairment, and difficulty in thinking. Manijuana is mostly abused as it gives a feeling of high or euphoria immediately and can last for 1-3 hours.Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug in America. According to National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) 2008, about 15.2 million people were using Marijuana in US. Initiation or first time use of Marijuana is also high in US. The same report also states that around 2.2 million persons aged 12 or older used marijuana for the first time in 2008. This shows that there are about 6,000 Marijuana initiates per day.The use of marijuana has some adverse effects, especially on the brain and the body. When someone smokes marijuana, THC rapidly passes from the lungs into the bloodstream, which carries the harmful chemical to the brain and to other organs throughout the body.Impact on brain:When someone smokes or consumes marijuana, the bloodstream carries the active THC compound to the brain. THC in the brain combines with the cannabinoid receptors, which are mostly found in those regions of the brain, which control memory, thinking ability, and concentration. By altering the activities of these neurons, marijuana impairs a person's memory, concentration, and thinking ability.Reduces learning abilitySome studies have shown that marijuana adversely impacts a person's ability to learn. This can be more problematic for teenagers during their adolescence when their brains are still developing.Reduces focusAs the chemical in Marijuana combines with the neurons in the brain which control the senses like concentration, Marijuana intoxication causes distorted perceptions, difficulty in thinking and problem solving, less concentration, and short attention spans.Memory lossMarijuana users suffer from short term memory losses. As Marijuana affects memory receptors in the brain, it makes difficult for an individual to process and retain information.Impact on body:Apart from adversely affecting the brain, Marijuana has many negative effects on the body. In addition to the harmful THC, it contains carcinogens which can cause considerable damage to the respiratory and other organs. Some of the common ailments caused by the Marijuana use are cough, chest colds, emphysema, blockage of the air passages, bronchitis, and bronchial asthma.Chest coldsPeople who smoke marijuana often develop problems like coughing, phlegm production, and wheezing. Marijuana users tend to have more chest colds than others. They are also more vulnerable to lung infections like pneumonia.BronchitisStudies have shown that marijuana contains carcinogens that can act as irritants to the lungs. It has also been reported that Marijuana contains 50 to 70 percent more carcinogenic hydrocarbons than normal tobacco. Generally, Marijuana users inhale more deeply and hold their breath longer, which further increases the lungs' exposure to harmful carcinogenic smoke.EmphysemaEmphysema is a lung disease that shortens the breath of an individual. Marijuana smoke contains many toxins that can destroy the lung tissues necessary to support the physical shape and function of the lungs.Bronchial asthmaTHC, the main active chemical in Marijuana is a fat-soluble substance and gets collected in fatty tissues in the lungs and other organs. Persistent usage of Marijuana can damage lungs and airways that may result in bronchial asthma.Apart from effects on brain and body, it has many negative effects on social functioning in the context of family, school, and work. Therefore, it is very important to be aware and understand the effects of Marijuana use on human body to avoid and deter the harmful drug.

 

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